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Не удается загрузиться в Ubuntu 16.04 после установки Ubuntu 18.04 (на отдельном разделе)

у меня мультизагрузочная система с двумя жесткими дисками:

  • Windows и некоторые старые версии Ubuntu на /dev / sda
  • Ubuntu 16.04 on/dev / sdb1

затем я установил Ubuntu 18.04 на пустой раздел / dev / sdb2. Я не помню, где находился старый загрузчик, поэтому я выбрал /dev / sdb для нового загрузчика.

теперь я могу загрузить Ubuntu 18.04 без проблем, но когда я загружаю Ubuntu 16.04, я получаю это:

[   1.820371] [drm:intel_set_pch_fifo_underrun_reporting [i915]] *ERROR* uncleared pch fifo underrun on pch transcoder A
[   1.820395] [drm:intel_pch_fifo_underrun_irq_handler [i915]]  *ERROR* PCH transcoder A FIFO underrun
[   2.023723] usb 2-1.6: string descriptor 0 read error: -22
ssd1: clean, ... files, ... blocks
[   5.074685] usb 2-1.6: string descriptor 0 read error: -22
Welcome to emergency mode! After logging in, ...

I уже пробовали войти в режим rescue и запустить sudo fsck-f /dev/sdb1, но без успеха.

как я могу это исправить?

EDIT:

мой ботинок.log:

$ cat boot.log
[  OK  ] Started Show Plymouth Boot Screen.
[  OK  ] Mounted /media/ssd3.
[  OK  ] Started Forward Password Requests to Plymouth Directory Watch.
[  OK  ] Started Braille Device Support.
[  OK  ] Found device ST9500325AS 6.
[  OK  ] Found device ST9500325AS 7.
[  OK  ] Found device ST9500325AS 5.
[  OK  ] Found device ST9500325AS Acer.
         Mounting /media/C...
         Activating swap /dev/disk/by-uuid/d7c7e54d-0eb9-49e9-bdba-de11b5637723...
         Starting File System Check on /dev/disk/by-uuid/425e03d0-535c-4c23-9570-b7a03afc2b39...
         Starting File System Check on /dev/disk/by-uuid/99158754-acff-4379-9640-1adc6edb157e...
[  OK  ] Activated swap /dev/disk/by-uuid/d7c7e54d-0eb9-49e9-bdba-de11b5637723.
[  OK  ] Reached target Swap.
[  OK  ] Found device ST9500325AS Daten.
         Mounting /media/E...
[  OK  ] Started File System Check on /dev/disk/by-uuid/425e03d0-535c-4c23-9570-b7a03afc2b39.
         Mounting /media/ubuntu1210...
[  OK  ] Found device ST9500325AS shared.
         Starting File System Check on /dev/disk/by-uuid/661027b0-7fb9-4e5b-bc30-4bdf232eda36...
[  OK  ] Mounted /media/ubuntu1210.
[  OK  ] Started File System Check on /dev/disk/by-uuid/99158754-acff-4379-9640-1adc6edb157e.
         Mounting /media/ubuntu1404...
[  OK  ] Mounted /media/ubuntu1404.
[  OK  ] Mounted /media/C.
[  OK  ] Mounted /media/E.
[  OK  ] Started File System Check on /dev/disk/by-uuid/661027b0-7fb9-4e5b-bc30-4bdf232eda36.
         Mounting /media/shared...
[  OK  ] Mounted /media/shared.
[ TIME ] Timed out waiting for device dev-disk-byx2duuid-57f163aex2d54d6x2d4c56x2db5c7x2d84e1d5e4b438.device.
[DEPEND] Dependency failed for File System Check on /dev/disk/by-uuid/57f163ae-54d6-4c56-b5c7-84e1d5e4b438.
[DEPEND] Dependency failed for /media/ssd2.
[DEPEND] Dependency failed for Local File Systems.
[DEPEND] Dependency failed for Clean up any mess left by 0dns-up.
         Starting Set console font and keymap...
         Starting Enable support for additional executable binary formats...
[  OK  ] Stopped Clean PHP session files every 30 mins.
[  OK  ] Stopped target Graphical Interface.
[  OK  ] Stopped Accounts Service.
[  OK  ] Started Stop ureadahead data collection 45s after completed startup.
[  OK  ] Closed UUID daemon activation socket.
[  OK  ] Stopped Getty on tty1.
[  OK  ] Stopped getty on tty2-tty6 if dbus and logind are not available.
[  OK  ] Stopped Daily apt upgrade and clean activities.
[  OK  ] Stopped Daily apt download activities.
[  OK  ] Stopped Bluetooth service.
[  OK  ] Reached target Bluetooth.
[  OK  ] Stopped Save/Restore Sound Card State.
[  OK  ] Stopped Manage Sound Card State (restore and store).
[  OK  ] Stopped ACPI Events Check.
[  OK  ] Stopped Light Display Manager.
[  OK  ] Stopped Detect the available GPUs and deal with any system changes.
[  OK  ] Stopped Daily Cleanup of Temporary Directories.
[  OK  ] Stopped Timer to automatically fetch and run repair assertions.
[  OK  ] Reached target Timers.
[  OK  ] Stopped IIO Sensor Proxy service.
[  OK  ] Closed Unix socket for apport crash forwarding.
[  OK  ] Closed ACPID Listen Socket.
[  OK  ] Stopped target Multi-User System.
[  OK  ] Stopped LSB: Speech Dispatcher.
[  OK  ] Stopped Make remote CUPS printers available locally.
[  OK  ] Stopped CUPS Scheduler.
[  OK  ] Closed CUPS Scheduler.
[  OK  ] Stopped LSB: Set the CPU Frequency Scaling governor to "ondemand".
[  OK  ] Stopped Modem Manager.
[  OK  ] Stopped Cgroup management proxy.
[  OK  ] Stopped Restore /etc/resolv.conf if the system crashed before the ppp link was shut down.
[  OK  ] Stopped Initialize hardware monitoring sensors.
[  OK  ] Stopped LSB: Start xrdp and sesman daemons.
[  OK  ] Stopped Login Service.
[  OK  ] Stopped TeamViewer remote control daemon.
[  OK  ] Stopped Network Manager Wait Online.
[  OK  ] Stopped crash report submission daemon.
[  OK  ] Stopped LSB: automatic crash report generation.
[  OK  ] Stopped The PHP 7.0 FastCGI Process Manager.
[  OK  ] Stopped Auto import assertions from block devices.
[  OK  ] Stopped Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Stack.
[  OK  ] Stopped LSB: Apache2 web server.
[  OK  ] Stopped Regular background program processing daemon.
[  OK  ] Stopped Network Manager.
[  OK  ] Stopped LSB: Record successful boot for GRUB.
[  OK  ] Stopped Hold until boot process finishes up.
[  OK  ] Stopped /etc/rc.local Compatibility.
[  OK  ] Stopped Permit User Sessions.
         Starting Set console scheme...
[  OK  ] Stopped Snappy daemon.
[  OK  ] Closed Socket activation for snappy daemon.
[  OK  ] Stopped CUPS Scheduler.
[  OK  ] Stopped Automatically repair incorrect owner/permissions on core devices.
[  OK  ] Stopped Unattended Upgrades Shutdown.
[  OK  ] Stopped LSB: daemon to balance interrupts for SMP systems.
[  OK  ] Stopped MySQL Community Server.
[  OK  ] Stopped System Logging Service.
[  OK  ] Closed Syslog Socket.
[  OK  ] Stopped Run anacron jobs.
[  OK  ] Stopped D-Bus System Message Bus.
[  OK  ] Reached target Login Prompts.
[  OK  ] Stopped Cgroup management daemon.
[  OK  ] Closed Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Stack Activation Socket.
[  OK  ] Stopped Thermal Daemon Service.
[  OK  ] Stopped target Basic System.
[  OK  ] Reached target Paths.
[  OK  ] Closed D-Bus System Message Bus Socket.
[  OK  ] Reached target Sockets.
[  OK  ] Stopped target System Initialization.
[  OK  ] Started Emergency Shell.
[  OK  ] Reached target Emergency Mode.
         Starting Create Volatile Files and Directories...
         Starting LSB: AppArmor initialization...
         Starting Tell Plymouth To Write Out Runtime Data...
         Starting Nameserver information manager...
[  OK  ] Started Set console scheme.
[  OK  ] Started Nameserver information manager.
[  OK  ] Started Create Volatile Files and Directories.
[  OK  ] Started Tell Plymouth To Write Out Runtime Data.
         Starting Network Time Synchronization...
         Starting Update UTMP about System Boot/Shutdown...
[  OK  ] Reached target Network (Pre).
         Mounting Arbitrary Executable File Formats File System...
[  OK  ] Started Set console font and keymap.
[  OK  ] Mounted Arbitrary Executable File Formats File System.
[  OK  ] Started Network Time Synchronization.
[  OK  ] Started Update UTMP about System Boot/Shutdown.
[  OK  ] Started Enable support for additional executable binary formats.
         Starting Update UTMP about System Runlevel Changes...
[  OK  ] Reached target System Time Synchronized.
[  OK  ] Created slice system-getty.slice.
[  OK  ] Started Update UTMP about System Runlevel Changes.
[  OK  ] Started LSB: AppArmor initialization.
         Starting Raise network interfaces...
[  OK  ] Started Raise network interfaces.
[  OK  ] Reached target Network.
[  OK  ] Reached target Network is Online.

так как я пытаюсь загрузить ту же ОС на том же оборудовании, что и раньше, я думаю, что моя проблема заключается в новой версии GRUB или конфигурации.

пункт меню для Ubuntu 16.04 в Ubuntu 16.04 установки (файл/boot/grub/с жратвы.cfg):

menuentry 'Ubuntu' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-8276f4fe-1bcd-4d25-8d6d-874f8e69a9b7' {
    recordfail
    load_video
    gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode
    insmod gzio
    if [ x$grub_platform = xxen ]; then insmod xzio; insmod lzopio; fi
    insmod part_msdos
    insmod ext2
    set root='hd1,msdos1'
    if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
      search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos1  8276f4fe-1bcd-4d25-8d6d-874f8e69a9b7
    else
      search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 8276f4fe-1bcd-4d25-8d6d-874f8e69a9b7
    fi
        linux   /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-121-generic root=UUID=8276f4fe-1bcd-4d25-8d6d-874f8e69a9b7 ro  quiet splash $vt_handoff
    initrd  /boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-121-generic
}

пункт меню для Ubuntu 16.04 в Ubuntu 18.04 установка (/boot/grub / grub.cfg):

menuentry 'Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS (16.04) (auf /dev/sdb1)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'osprober-gnulinux-simple-8276f4fe-1bcd-4d25-8d6d-874f8e69a9b7' {
    insmod part_msdos
    insmod ext2
    set root='hd1,msdos1'
    if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then
      search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos1 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos1 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos1  8276f4fe-1bcd-4d25-8d6d-874f8e69a9b7
    else
      search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 8276f4fe-1bcd-4d25-8d6d-874f8e69a9b7
    fi
    linux /boot/vmlinuz-4.4.0-121-generic root=UUID=8276f4fe-1bcd-4d25-8d6d-874f8e69a9b7 ro quiet splash $vt_handoff
    initrd /boot/initrd.img-4.4.0-121-generic
}
5
задан MaxGyver
источник

2 ответов

Guess: Ubuntu 18.04 имеет драйверы ядра, которые настраивают оборудование определенным образом, которые драйверы ядра в Ubunutu 16.04 не понимают или не учитывают во время инициализации. Так что если вы теплый загрузки Ubuntu 16.04 после загрузки Ubuntu 18.04, же основное оборудование не работает должным образом, что приводит к этим ошибкам.

Диагностика: холодная загрузка Ubuntu 16.04 (выключите компьютер, отключите питание на несколько секунд), и посмотреть, если проблема все еще происходит.

решение: Всегда холодная загрузка Ubuntu 16.04.

0
отвечен dirkt 2018-04-29 11:34:04
источник

проблема была в том, что / dev / sdb2 был отформатирован во время установки Ubuntu 18.04. Так что его UUID изменился и / etc / fstab уже не исправить.

Я должен был загрузить Ubuntu 18.04, чтобы смонтировать / dev / sdb2 и обновить его UUID в / etc / fstab (смонтированного раздела).

UUID можно получить с помощью sudo blkid.

0
отвечен MaxGyver 2018-05-02 20:20:15
источник

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